Power sanders are great tools for woodworking and mill working. The issue is that there are several varieties on the market. How can you know which type of power sander to use for any particular job? Here are a few simple tips to get you started.
Belt sanders are probably the most normal thing people have in mind when they think of a sander.
They have a looped pieced of sandpaper fitted around two wheels, which then spin the sandpaper around at a really quick speed.
This is probably the most heavy duty of the hand-held power sanders and should be used at the very start of a rough sanding project.
Some examples of times to use a belt sander would be eliminating lots of paint or stain, basically preparing a surface to get more thorough work by taking away the old.
These sanders are incredibly aggressive and can get rid of a great deal of stuff in a hurry, so be sure to listen as you are using them, especially on softer woods. If this concerns you, then a belt sander using a variable speed adjustment is for you.
You may have also heard of a narrow belt sander. This is but a standard belt sander that is much less wide, which makes it useful for smaller hard to reach places.
Palm sanders are also sometimes referred to as finish sanders or pad sanders. They have a small rectangular pad on the floor, which normally requires a 1/4 or 1/3 sheet of sandpaper. It vibrates in a somewhat circular pattern and must be moved along the timber in the identical circular motion to avoid scratching. When used properly, they provide a nice smooth finish on the level, simple to get surfaces. This could be an ideal sander to use after the belt sander does the heavy work.
Palm sanders (sometimes referred to as a shape sander) are smaller than other handheld sanders, and therefore are utilized for getting into tight spaces and sanding strange shapes that other sanders cannot handle. The pad is usually triangle shaped, but a number of these sanders come with multiple attachments to assist in reaching the tiniest of spaces. These tools are usually used for small craft jobs as well as mill functioning, such as door and window casings.
Random Orbit Sanders
Random orbit sanders by bestorbitalsanderare most likely the most versatile sanders around.
They’re great for jobs large and small, and they’re small enough to enter many tight spaces.
All these sanders have a rounded pad that goes in a circular movement, with just a bit of random variation to prevent swirl marks on your piece.
They also feature variable speed controller, which is great when you’re working with soft timber, or you are getting to the finish of your sandpaper.
Dust collection is built into the random orbit sander, typically coming with a dust collection bag, but sometimes with a vacuum hose attachment.
There are little holes in the circular pad that blows up the sawdust as it’s created.
Due to these holes, particular sandpaper specific to random orbit sanders has to be used.
If you’re looking for an all-around sander that’s very good for multiple purposes, the random orbit sander is for you.